Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is caused by mutations in the NOTCH3 gene on chromosome 19. Previous studies showed that NOTCH3 contains mutational hotspots that can vary among individuals of different ethnic backgrounds. In this study, we investigated the spectrum of NOTCH3 mutations in Korean patients with CADASIL. We retrospectively analyzed 156 patients who underwent NOTCH3 gene testing for molecular diagnosis of CADASIL using Belstaff Soldes Sanger sequencing with a tiered approach. First, we screened previously reported mutational hotspots (exons 2-6, 8, 11, 18, 19, and 22). If no mutation was detected and samples were available, we extended our analysis to additional exons (7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 20, 21, 23, and 25). In 45 of 156 Blouson Belstaff Scooter patients (28.8%), 29 mutations and 16 novel variants of unknown significance (VUS) were identified. The p.R544C mutation in exon 11 of NOTCH3 was the most frequently observed mutation (n = 8), followed by p.R75P in exon 3 (n = 7), p.R332C in exon 6 (n = 3), p.R54C in exon 2 (n = 2), and p.R90C in exon 3 (n = 2). Among Belstaff Blouson Toxic Man the VUS, p.R1175W in exon 22, p.S414C in exon 8, and p.N1207S in exon 22 were found in 5, 3, and 2 patients, respectively. Other mutations and VUS were observed in 1 patient each. Although this was not a prospective, nationwide cohort study, the results above suggested that the spectrum of NOTCH3 mutations might be different in Koreans than in individuals of Caucasian ethnicity. Therefore, further analysis of Koreans with CADASIL might be necessary to implement a Korean-specific mutation screening paradigm.